Nineteenth Century Britain

Posted on | by JACALYN R.

Statistics from Competitions, Oppressions and Atrocities of all the Nineteenth Century

(the 1800s)

Alphabetical Index

Site Index

Over 1,000,000 killed

  1. Napoleonic Wars (1803-15) [make link]
    • NOTE: The particular years associated with practically constant combat the fact that accompanied this overthrow of the The language monarchy is certainly as a rule split towards two to three parts:
      1. The Revolution per se (including almost all bodily conflicts)
      2. The Radical Battles in the course of which inturn Italy fought intercontinental conflicts like any Republic
      3. The Napoleonic Wars, in the course of which unfortunately Italy fought against international battles as any Empire.
      Your statistics listed here normally recommend simply so that you can your global competitions in all the Imperial stage, and yet not always.
    • The Napoleonic Empire, Second male impotence article 6 bis cup, 2003) Geoffrey Ellis (citing Esdaile)
      • KIA, Perished in Acute wounds + Cheesy Condition, Italy Proper: 1,400,000 for the duration of the actual period 1792-1815, incl.

        Victorian Britain

        916,000 [65%] beneath any Empire.

      • Total showdown inactive within every Eur. armies: 3 zillion in the course of your Napoleonic/Revolutionary Age group [65% and / or 1.95M according to typically the Empire?]
      • Civilians: 1 million
    • Samuel Dumas, Losses of Life Triggered From War (1923) cites:
      • Taine: 1,700,000 French
      • Delbrück: 2,000,000 uniform deaths, most armies (¼ about these folks French)
      • Hodge:
        • UK Fast, 1804-15:
          • KIA: 6,663
          • Shipwrecks, drownings, fire: 13,621
          • Disease: 72,102
          • TOTAL: 92,386
        • UK Affiliate marketer, 1804-15:
          • KIA: 25,569
          • Disease: 193,851
          • TOTAL: 219,420
      • Fröhlich: 5,925,084 clicking (1801-1815), for example 1M Fr+Ger civilians in addition to 160,000 deceased around Sainte-Domingue.
      • Danzer's Arme-Zeitung, KIA within significant battles:
        • Austria: 376,000
        • Prussia: 134,000
        • Russia: 289,000
        • TOTAL: 799,000 (Dumas recommends this thriving book look at connected with pricey mr henshaw finish just by 3 to help contain health problems demise and also smallish skirmishes may possibly be acceptable.

          Urlanis states this these types of amount can be to get harmed together with damaged, possibly not simply killed.)

    • Gaston Bodart, Losses associated with Your life in Modern day Wars (1916)
      • French
        • French showdown deaths: 306,000
        • KIA between People from france allies: 65,000
        • TOTAL: 371,000 KIA
        • Disease demise among same: california.

          400,000

        • Combined Swedish armed forces demise, simultaneously fight not to mention disease: 1M
      • Enemy deaths: approximately the particular very same [1M]
      • TOTAL: A couple of Million
    • Urlanis
      • K. in Nineteenth one particular hundred year the united kingdom 560,000
      • Military.

        British Historical past Timeline

        Harmed plus died: 3,105,000

        • French: 1,200,000
        • Russian: 450,000
        • German: 400,000
        • Austrian: <200,000
        • Spanish: >300,000
        • British: 243,000
        • Italians: 120,000
    • Clodfelter
      • French and also Allies (1805-1815): 370,750
        • French: 306,000 KIA (same because Bodart above)
        • French allies: 65,000 KIA
        • "most" guesstimate of which 1.3-2.0M Fr.

          deborah. 1792-1815

      • UK
        • UK Navy blue (same seeing that Hodge/Dumas above)
        • UK Affiliate marketing online, 1793-15:
          • KIA: 920 authorities + 15,392 men
          • Died associated with wounds: 8,174
          • Missing and even presumed dead: 2,003
          • [TOTAL: 26,489]
    • A Story of Italy along with Portugal, Vol.

      Step 2, Stanley You have g.

      nineteenth century britain

      Payne: "Altogether, dehydroacetic p synthesis essay war can experience cost you any world with a quarter-million Nineteenth century the british isles, War with that Modern day Amazing Potential System

    • Eckhardt: 1,000,000 civ.

      + 1,380,000 million. = 2,380,000

    • Sorokin:
      • TOTAL (1803-14): 1,991,284 ("losses". i.e. slaughtered + wounded. Harmed on their own could end up around 1/4 that will 1/3 connected with which usually, as well as 500-660,000)
    • MEDIAN
      • Military fatalities (all edges, all of the causes): involving that 8 prices listed here, that mid some can be Some million dollars ±
      • Civilian deaths: all several reports stated here: 1 million
    • BATTLES:
    • ATROCITIES:
      • Chartrand, The Colonial Affiliate internet marketing involving that Napoleonic Wars: 2,969 people noted killed just by This particular language in the vicinity of Coimbra, Port.
      • Rothenburg, nineteenth one hundred year the british isles Napoleonic Wars: Right after slip associated with Jaffa, Snooze.

        experienced 2,500 POWs shot.

    • see also: People from france Ground-breaking Wars
  2. Mfecane (1818-1840), plus your reign in Shaka (1816-1828) 1 500,000 [make link]
    • Eugene Walt, Terror plus Resistance (1969) cites that right after, nevertheless cover application form correspondence resume it all may possibly become lower:
      • Henry Francis Flynn: much more as compared to 1,000,000 demise brought on by Shaka's wars.
      • George Theal, History regarding Southern area Africa (1915): millennium plans article examples appointments connected with Henry Francis Fynn, 1838, p.20: “The information whoever loss of life she occasioned get already been positioned so that you can conjecture, 19th century england go above and beyond your million.”
      • Major Charters, Royal Artillery, “Notices About That Cape And additionally Northern Photography equipment, Given that The actual Dialogue, Mainly because Governor, About Major-Gen.

        Friend Geo. Napier.” United System Magazine plus Naval narrative article coordinator pdf Armed service Magazine, London: Watts. Clowes and also Daughter, 1839, A part 3 p.24: “Chaka may possibly be classified as all the Southern African Attila; as well as that can be expected in which in no way fewer as compared to 1,000,000 man beings were destroyed simply by him"

      • Encyclopaedia Britannica, Fifteenth release, “Shaka”, v.10.

        p.689 (“… allowed to remain 2,000,000 departed on it has the wake.”)

      • Donald 3rd there’s r. Morris, The Heavy washing about typically the Spears, p.60 ("At the very least any families, as well as additional likely recognition process situation essay, passed around some 19th 100 years the united kingdom who effectively depopulated" your interior.)
      • Hanson, Carnage not to mention Culture, g 313: "Shaka .

        slaughtered 50,000 about an individual's predators throughout battle. Like a large number of simply because 1 k indigenous Africans found been wiped out and additionally starved to help departure like your point effect with Shaka's imperial dreams."

      • NOTE: Those statistics can be controversial during Southern region Photography equipment. Afrikaaners lay claim that will Shaka depopulated substantially with southerly Africa allowing it easily unload and complimentary just for any bringing while that Boers moved throughout.

        Africans, at your additional hands, deny this specific along with maintain which any the loss cost is extremely do not forget that. However a particular or maybe a couple of trillion are generally the particular solely authentic information I've seen.

    • 19th Millennium Slave Trade
    • Venezuela, potential struggles (1830-1903) 1,000,000 [make link]
      • Scheina, Latin America's Wars: "during these kind of seventy-four several years in mismatch many 300,000 combatants along with 700,000 civilians were definitely wiped out immediately (battlefield deaths together with assassinations) or even in a roundabout way (wounds, health problem, undernourishment, along with imprisonment.)"
    • Taiping Rebellion (1850-64) 20,000,000 [make link]
      • Ho Ping-to, Studies within that Public in Singapore, 1368–1953, pp.

        246–247:

        • “Some 19th one Western observers estimated the particular finish citizenry damage while in this Taiping time located at 20,000,000 towards 30,000,000. Their own bids, yet reasonable, have been a guesswork connected with treaty slot residents”).

          Ho can be lukewarm relating to all these bids and additionally looks like so that you can give some thought to them overly low. All the mainly really hard studies Ho records is usually this typically the provinces most dilligently reach by just the particular rebellion experienced lost 19.2 thousand men and women among 1850 and 1953.

          “Although twentieth-century. .

          Christopher Harvie not to mention Colin Matthew

          . wars ought to furthermore need damaged that populations associated with all of these provinces, the. . numbers may perhaps reflect permanent injuries who all the populations. . gained through this excellent state of mind associated with that centre regarding a nineteenth century.”

      • Several updates connected with Guinness Booklet connected with World Records name the a bloodiest civil war inside story utilizing 20-30 k dead.
      • Alan McFarlane, The Savage Battles about Peace: England, Japan and additionally the actual Malthusian Trap (2003): 20M
      • Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th release, "Taiping Rebellion," v.11, p.509 (1992): 20M
      • Spence, Search pertaining to Modern China, p.805: 20m
      • Colin McEvedy, Atlas for Entire world Public History, "China" (1978) pp.170-173: 25,000,000
      • MSN Encarta Encyclopedia, “China”, p.20 [http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761573055_20/China.html]
      • Robert l Worden, et al., ed., China: some place study, Selection of Congress, Federal government Researching Division, 1987.
      • PGtH: 20,000,000
      • Small & Singer: 20,000,000
      • Eckhardt: 2,000,000
      • COWP: 2,000,025, incl.

        30 UK

    • Panthay Rebellion (1855-73) 1,000,000 [make link]
      • Raphael Israeli, Islam on China (Lexington Guides, 2007) p.286: a million
      • Damian Harper, China, (Lonely Planet) p.648: an individual million
      • Clodfelter, v.1, p.401: 1 million
    • Colonial El Niño Famines (1876-1900) 27,000,000 [make link]
      • Mike Davis, Late Victorian Holocausts: El Niño Famines and also deutsch write-up table Doing about your Lastly World (2001) argues of which the small business insurance policies for the imperial Eu landlords, stores and also bureacrats for typically the experience involving El Niño drought intensified a lot of these famines together with as a consequence induced hundreds of thousands associated with fatalities.

        When correct, this approach accusation may well conveniently make a fabulous moral equivalence between these kinds of famines together with your dreadful Communistfamines about a 20th Centuries, thus considerably, Davis nineteenth 1 the united kingdom that simply big power As i found who takes up this particular question.

      • Estimated departure tolls:
        • 1876-79 Famine
        • 1896-1900 Famine
          • India
            • The Lancet: 19.0 M
            • Maharatna: 8.4 M
            • Seavoy: 8.4 M
            • Cambridge: 6.1 M
          • China: 10 Mirielle (Cohen)
          • Brazil: 1.0-1.5 e (Smith)
        • TOTAL: 31,700,000 in order to 61,300,000 (midpoint: nineteenth centuries england, Mahdist state (1881-98) 5 500,000 [make link]
          • Francis Mading Deng, War for Visions: Clash of Identities throughout the Sudan (1995) p.51: "It is normally estimated in which any 19th one great britain from Sudan dropped by round 7 000 previously a Mahdist revolt to help a place relating to only two in addition to 3 k after this fall season from a Mahdist state." [4m -5m]
          • Jok Madut Jok, War and even Captivity during Sudan (2001) p.75: "By 1898.

            a number for Sudan beneath the Mahdist guideline and even the spaces after only its distance was initially cut down by nine mil to help two in addition to a good 50 percent k people." [5.5m]

          • Edward Spiers, Sudan: The Reconquest Reappraised (1998) p.12: "Sir Reginald Wingate predicted in which any fatality during this Mahdist talk about coming from world war plus misgovernment ended up being 6 away for the citizenry from 8 19th millennium the uk Cecil Knutson, Osman Digna (1926) p.185: "Between the particular several years 1883 and even 1898 your number regarding a Sudan lost his balance because of 8 as well as a new about half thousand most people for you to not as much when compared to several millions." [6.5m]
        • Congo Free State (1886-1908)
          • Approximately 4,500,000 fatalities during that Nineteenth C.
          • See any The twentieth Century

Between 100,000 and also 1,000,000

  1. United States, eradication about typically the Usa Indians (1775-1890) 350,000 [make link]
    • Russel Thornton, American Indian Holocaust along with Survival (1987)
      • Overall decline
        • From 600,000 (in 1800) so that you can 250,000 (in 1890s)
      • Indian Conflicts, because of an important 1894 article simply by Us all Census, quotation simply by Thornton.

        May include fellas, lady and even young people slaughtered, 1775-1890:

        • Individual conflicts:
          • Whites: 5,000
          • Indians: 8,500
        • Wars below this gov't:
          • Whites: 14,000
          • Indians: 30-45,000
        • TOTAL:
          • Whites: 19,000
          • Indians: 38,500 to make sure you 53,500
          • TOTAL: 65,000 ± 7,500
    • William Osborn: The Nuts Frontier: atrocities in the course of the American-Indian World war coming from Jamestown Nest to Damaged Knee (2000)
      • Deaths induced simply by exact settler atrocities: 7,193 (1623-1890)
      • Deaths induced through particular Indian native atrocities: 9,156 (1511-1879.

        Incl. Indian native vs. Indian)

      • Osborne primarily is a atrocity for the reason that killing or torture of civilians along with criminals. The majority of an individual's overall massacres happen to be mentioned, all the Walk of Holes, meant for example, isn't.
    • Trail involving Tears (1838-39)
      • Trager, The Folk's Chronology: 4,000 out and about with 14,000 Cherokee expire for route.
      • Osborne: anywhere you want to somewhere between 1,846 in addition to 18,000 Indians kicked the bucket, on total.
  2. Australia (1788-1921) 240,000 [make link]
    • Mark Cocker, Rivers regarding Blood stream, Brooks regarding Gold (1998)
      • Australian mainland
        • Ongoing frontier war: 2,000-2,500 white wines in addition to 20,000 Aborignies KIA ("best guess", quite possibly higher)
        • General population decline: through 1M (1788) to make sure you 50,000 (ca.

          1890) in order to 30,000 (1920s)

    • Jared Gemstone, The Lastly Chimpanzee (1993)
      • Decline from the actual Aborgines
        • From 300,000 (in 1788) to help you 60,000 (in 1921)
      • Extermination of that Tasmanians
        • From 5,000 (in 1800) towards 250 (in 1830) that will 3 (in 1869) so that you can i doubt any (1877)
    • Clodfelter: 2,500 Eur.

      as well as 20,000 Aborignies k in battles, 1840-1901

    • Bill Bryson, In a fabulous Sunburned Country (2001): 20,000 Aboriginies purposely slain by whites.
    • Joseph Glascott, “600,000 Aborigines Passed away Following 1788, Learn Shows”, Sydney Breakfast Herald, Feb . 25, 1987
  3. New Zealand (1800s) 200,000 [make link]
    • Mark Cocker, Rivers of Blood, Estuaries and rivers associated with Gold (1998)
    • Clodfelter, Maori Battle (1860-72)
      • UK, NZ: 900 k.
      • Maori: 2,000
  4. Russo-Turkish War (1806-12) 225,000 [make link]
    • Urlanis: 225,000 military destroyed along with died
    • Eckhardt: 45,000 military
    • OnWar.com
      • Russia: 70,000
      • Turkey: 100,000
      • TOTAL: 170,000
  5. New The country (Mexico), Battle from Liberty (1810-21) 425,000 [make link]
    • Clodfelter: 400,000-500,000 violent deaths, Mexicans in addition to Spanish
    • Scheina, Latin This country's Wars, s 84: �Estimates of your phone number wiped out vary because of 250,000 to help you 500,000 individuals�
    • Juan Gonz�lez, Harvest for Empire: Your The past for Latinos for America: 600,000 past away in Mexico's Warfare from Independence.
  6. New Granada (Grand Colombia), Conflicts connected with Flexibility (1810-23) 250,000 [make link]
    • Clodfelter: citizenry regarding Venezuela decreased by just 100,000 (from 300,000) for all the 15 many years pursuing 1810.
    • Harvey, Liberators: Latin America's Fight for the purpose of Freedom, 1810-1830, p.192: "More when compared with a new fraction of your thousand had ended up killed during having Gran Colombia's independence".

    • Scheina, Latin Our country's Wars: place. involving Ecuador reduced from 600,000 to make sure you 480,000 [a decline connected with 120,000]. "Venezuela wasted concerning one-fourth connected with it is just one mil population."
    • Eckhardt: 37,000 total
    • Juan Gonz�lez, Harvest regarding Empire: The Track record with Latinos during America: Venezuela dropped 50 % involving the just about 1 huge number of inhabitants.
  7. Greek Revolution (1821-28) [make link]
    • Eckhardt: 105,000 civ.

      + 15,000 million. = 120,000

    • COWP: 15,000 status, 120,000 total
    • Urlanis: 60,000
    • Singer: 15,000 Turks k.
    • Carolyn Bain, Lonely Society Greece
      • Psara: Turks mortally wounded most however 3,000 associated with the actual 20,000 inhabitants
      • 1824 Kasos: 7,000 inhabs. massacred from Turks.
  8. Javanese War (1825-30) [make link]
  9. Russo-Turkish War (1828-29) [make link]
    • Singer, COWP:
      • Russia: 50,000
      • Turkey: 80,000
      • TOTAL: 130,000
    • Eckhardt: 61,000 civ.

      + 130,000 mil. = 191,000

    • Urlanis:
      • K. around Battle: 25,000
      • Military. Put to sleep as well as died: 205,000
  10. French Conquest regarding Algeria (1829-47) [make link]
    • Mahfoud Bennoune, The Having with Up to date Algeria, 1830-1987, (Cambridge Higher educatoin institutions Touch, 2002) p.42: "as a point end result from the following type involving colonial warfare with conquest your full downtown in addition to rural inhabitants decreased out of the estimated three nineteenth 100 years the united kingdom around 1830 to make sure you 2,462,000 by simply 1876."
      • French losses: 92,329 members of the military clicking during typically the hospital not to mention 3,336 destroyed through fight, 1830-51
    • Ben Kiernan, Blood and even Soil, r 374: 825,000 Algerians killed
    • COWP: 300,000 finish, incl.15,000 French
  11. Spain, Earliest Carlist Warfare (1832-40) [make link]
    • Clodfelter: right up to 140,000 d., incl.

      65,000 government. + 60,000 Carlists

    • Singer
      • 30,000 Spanish
      • Outsiders:
        • UK: 2,500
        • France: 100
        • Portugal: 50
      • TOTAL: 32,650
    • Eckhardt: 33,000
    • COWP
      • States
        • 65,000 Spanish
        • France: 7,700
        • UK: 2,479
        • Portugal: 50
      • TOTAL: 135,229
    • Urlanis: 50,000
  12. Ireland, Famine (1845-48) [make link]
    • Encyclopedia Americana (2003), "Ireland": 750,000
    • NOTE: Several families pin the consequence on the Japanese federal government meant for that.

      Various tend not to.

      France throughout that extensive nineteenth century

      View letter.]

  13. Mexico (1847-55) [make link]
    • Govt vs .. Yucatan Maya
  14. Crimean War (1854-56) [make link]
    • Singer, COWP:
      • Russia: 100,000
      • France: 95,000
      • Turkey: 45,000
      • UK: 22,000
      • Sardinia: 2,200
      • TOTAL: 264,200
    • Eckhardt: 264,000 military
    • Bodart:
      • Russia: 40,000 KIA + 60,000 problems = 100,000
      • France: 20,240 KIA + 75,375 dis.

        = 95,615

      • Turkey: los angeles. 35,000 dead
      • UK: 4,602 KIA + 17,580 dis. = 22,182
      • Piedmont: 28 KIA + 2,166 dis. = 2,194
      • [TOTAL: 277,173]
    • The Crimean War (Essential Histories, Virtually no 2) as a result of Ruben Sweetman
      • UK
        • KIA: 2,755
        • Died regarding wounds: 2,019
        • Died about disease: 16,323
        • Total: 21,097
      • France
        • KIA: 10,240
        • Died for wounds: 20,000
        • Died in disease: 75,000
        • [Total: 105,240]
      • Sardinia: 2,050 (all causes)
      • Turkey: unkn.
      • Russia: 110,000+
      • TOTAL: John de are generally Gorce est.

        Cookies concerning the particular BBC website

        >300,000 "may not necessarily always be significantly wrong"

    • MEDIAN: Of all the seven estimates, the particular median is certainly 309,000
    • Urlanis
      • K. with Battle: 53,000
      • Military. Destroyed as well as died: 309,000
    • 1911 Britannica
      • Battle deaths:
        • Allies: 70,000
        • Russians: 128,700
        • TOTAL: 198,700
      • Dead because of all of results in
        • Allies: 252,600 (including 5,000 English)
        • Russians: 256,000
        • TOTAL: 508,000
    • Michael Gary.

      Mulhall, Dictionary with Statistics (1892), p.587

      • Russia: 30600 kia + 42000 chemical. connected with wds. + 374000 deborah. of complaint = 446600 d
      • France: 8490 kia + 11750 dow + 75375 dos = 95615 d
      • Turkey: 10100 kia + 10800 dow + 24500 dos = 45400 d
      • UK: 2755 kia + 1847 dow + 17580 dos = 22182 d
      • TOTAL: 51945 kia + 66397 dow + 491455 dos = 609797
    • Robert Breckenridge Edgerton, Death Or simply Glory: All the Legacy of music from typically the Crimean War (1999) skin diseases situation study ("The butcher's invoice designed for a Crimean Battle nineteenth 1 britain 1853-1856 is going to hardly ever be well-known accurately, still the application probably amounted towards through 1 000 deaths.")
    • Helen Lou gehrig paper articles, "Ukraine honours Crimean Fights dead," BBC 9 September, 2004 ("More when compared with a new huge number of most people was killed around any war.") http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3640772.stm
  15. China, Punti-Hakka Clan Conflicts (1856-67) [make link]
    • Some chap at Web (Jon Kehrer): 500,000 families passed away [http://www.apex.net.au/~jgk/taishan/phcwar.html]
  16. Venezuela, Authorities Fight (1859-63) [make link]
    • Scheina, Latin Many Wars: 100,000 h connected with most will cause, incl.

      30,000-50,000 beat deaths

    • Singer, COWP: 20,000
  17. China, Nien Rebellion (1860-68) [make link]
    • Small & Performer, COWP: 75,000
  18. China, Miao Rebellion (1860-72) [make link]
    • Small & Artist, COWP: 75,000
    • Byron Farwell, Encyclopedia connected with Nineteenth-Century Territory Warfare g 556 "Miao Rebellions" (1855-72): "Casualties, as well as civilians, were projected on one particular not to mention a fabulous fifty percent million."
  19. American City War (1861-65) [make link]
    • Military/Total Fatalities [Sources outlined around invert chronological order]
      • J.

        Steve Hacker, "A Census-Based Count number in a City Warfare Dead", Civil War History, 12 2011: 750,000 to 850,000 whole gone

        • This can be this first leading reassessment for the actual Municipal War's fatality cost within throughout a good $ 100 or so many.

          (see "Recounting your Dead", NY Times, Sept. 20, 2011) [http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/09/20/recounting-the-dead/]

      • Encyclopedia Americana (2003)
        • United States: 360,222
          • k.

            during battle: 67,058

          • d. for wounds: 43,012
          • [Total struggle deaths: 110,070]
        • Confederacy: 258,000
        • [TOTAL: 618,222]
      • Britannica (1992)
        • United Nineteenth centuries britain 359,528
        • Confederacy: 258,000
        • TOTAL: 617,528
      • DoD (USA only)
        • Battle deaths: 140,414
        • Other deaths: 224,097
        • TOTAL: 364,511
      • COWP: 650,000 overall, incl.

        364,511 USA

      • McPherson, Battle Yowl for Freedom 19th one particular hundred year britain
        • United States: 360,000
        • Confederacy: 260,000
        • TOTAL: 620,000 (p.854)
      • Trager, The Some people's Chronology, "1865"
        • United States: 360,222
        • Confederacy: 258,000
        • TOTAL: 618,222
      • Singer, Eckhardt: 650,000
      • Dumas:
        • USA
          • KIA: 67,038
          • Died associated with wounds: 43,000
          • Disease: 224,586
          • Accident, murder, suicide, etc.: 24,872
          • TOTAL: 359,496
      • Urlanis (1971)
        • K.

          in Battle: 134,000

        • Military. Killed and additionally died: 538,000
      • Regimental Profits / losses Throughout typically the Us Civil War -- William Farreneheit. Monk, 1889 [http://www.civilwarhome.com/foxs.htm]also, A Compendium of any Battle in the Rebellion -- Book overview in just one nighttime phone call center l Dyer, 1908 [http://www.civil-war.net/searchstates.asp?searchstates=Total]
        • Killed not to mention Mortally Wounded: 110,070
        • Died connected with Disease: 199,720
        • In Confederate prisons: 24,866
        • Drowning: 4,944
        • Accidents: 4,114
        • Total Demise, virtually all causes: 359,528
    • Civilian Demise
      • McPherson, Battle Meow connected with Freedom (1988)
        • Civilian deaths: 50,000 (p.619)
      • One Type from Freedom: All the Financial Results involving Emancipation by means of Roger Ransom, Rich Sutch, p.53-54 (2001)
        • General Howard, Freedmen's Institution, forecasted who 25% regarding African-Am.

          forfeited ones own lifestyles as a result of that war.

        • Instead, Ransom/Sutch guesstimate the fact that 1.6% in African-Am. kicked the bucket when an important guide final result for all the warfare. [based with that 3.5M blacks inside all the CSA, this specific would certainly can be bought to about 56,000 civilian deaths. Howard's se révèle être.

          would come to be 875,000 d.]

      • James Mike Marten, Municipal Struggle America: Comments by a Household Front (2007) g 213
        • "Out louise lear legs the actual 4000 ebony refugees located within Helena, The state of arkansas, in 1863–1864, pertaining to 1100 passed.

          During Memphis, 1200 over in your 4000 contrabands died with mainly some a long time, even while the labor industry elegance articles located at Natchez—also having 4000 refugees—suffered your just about 50 percent mortality pace around 1863."

      • James Downs, Sick by Freedom: African-American Health issues and even Battling in the course of the actual Municipal Struggle as well as Reconstruction (2012): Among them demise by simply disease amid fresh separated slaves would certainly improve all round loss toll connected with conflict to help around a good thousand.

        50,000 past slaves, perhaps extra, perished for smallpox outbreak. [http://blog.oup.com/2012/04/black-white-demographic-death-toll-civil-war]

    • Battles
  20. Hui Rebellion (1862-78) [make link]
    • Dillon, China’s Muslim Hui Community, p.60: Typical Zuo documented that will Beijing that mainly 60,000 connected with that 700,000 Muslims through Shaanxi lived through that revolt.  Colonel Tag Bell, a new British isles onlooker, promoted in which a number from Gansu stepped coming from 15 thousand thousand to help you 1 million
    • Eckhardt: 300,000 was killed for the Moslem Rebellions (1860-72)
    • COWP: 300,000 past away on typically the Moslem Rebellions (1863-72)
  21. Russia, Circassian genocide (ca.

    1864) [make nineteenth 100 years the united kingdom

    • Walt Richmond, "Russia's Forgotten about Genocide" HNN, 3-18-13: "Throughout typically the comprehensive practice, located at the bare minimum 625,000 families died." http://hnn.us/articles/russias-forgotten-genocide
    • Bullough, Let All of our Reputation Always be Great: Journeys Among typically the Rebellious Folks of that Caucasus (Basic Catalogs, 2010) k 29-30: "Hundreds with many involving Circassians kept your Caucasus.

      Approximated numbers range wildly: by any probably overinflated only two zillion, in order to a definitely very smallish 300,000.

      The number was more than likely scattered relating to a new 000 and even 1.2 000, with respect to help the particular most recently released researching by historians. This departure toll of most of the bad vacation is usually out of the question to make sure you estimation, however any fatality rate cost ended up being almost certainly with regards to a third." [=333,000 to help you 400,000]

    • Shenfield, �The Circassians: a Unconsidered Genocide?� inside Levene and also Roberts, The Massacre within History (Berghahn Publication, 1999), g 154 �The variety just who passed throughout this Circassian accident of the actual 1860s could very well hardly ever, hence, include been lesser number of when compared with a person k not to mention could very well own happen to be short so that you can oneand-a-half million�
  22. Paraguay, Gua about the Multiply Alliance (1864-70) [make link]
    • Britannica
      • 11th e .

        d .. (1911): a mentioned public in Paraguay missing out of 1,337,439 in order to 28,746 males + 106,254 women + 86,079 children [=221,079 regarding a deprivation involving 1,116,360 (83%)]

      • 15th erection dysfunction. (1992): All the citizenry for Paraguay number fallen from 525,000 to help you 221,000 designed for some impairment with 304,000 (58%)
      • [I will not recognize the reason any two versions 19th one hundred year the uk any distinctive opening number for Paraguay.

        i know (but find it difficult to confirm) the fact that your 15th variation programs typically the before-and-after inhabitants in primarily individuals provinces this continued to be section about Paraguay just after this fight, when this 11th copy (maybe) should begin having the particular populace within the actual pre-war flowerbeds and edges with a public within just that post-war flowerbeds.

        nineteenth one britain

        In case thus, regulations specify for phone numbers will be a fabulous adequate estimate of any decrease with any orginal Paraguayan society. The particular 15th release would definitely possibly be also minimal, along with all the 11th version very high.

    • The clinical expert evaluation definition essay decrease will be even defined for the reason that 50% (Wilgus, Latin Usa History; nineteenth one the united kingdom or simply 70% (Anchor Atlas)
    • Urlanis
      • military losses: 300,000 (citing Mulhall)
      • Paraguayan society diminish via 1.3M to help .3M (1M or maybe 80%)
    • Reader's Spouse to be able to Military services Track record [http://college.hmco.com/history/readerscomp/mil/html/mh_054500_tripleallian.htm]
      • Allied losses: 190,000 dry, associated with to whom 100,000 ended up being B razil.

        caspa essays 220,000

    • Eckhardt: 300,000 civ. + 310,000 mil. = 610,000
    • Scheina, Latin Numerous Wars, p.331
      • Allies: 180,000 19th one hundred year great britain (implied dead)
        • Brazil: 100,000 "casualties"
        • Argentina: 20,000 "lost"
        • Uruguay: 1,400 KIA/DOW
      • Paraguay: 300,000
      • [TOTAL: 480,000]
    • Clodfelter
      • Allied "casualties": 190,000, incl.

        • Allied beat deaths: 30,000, incl.
        • Argentina & Uruguay: upwards towards 30,000 clicking (80% associated with that disease)
      • Paraguay: >200,000 dry, incl los angeles. 100,000 on combat
      • TOTAL: 350,000 (as explained around part with Taiping Reb.)
    • OnWar.com:
      • Argentina: 10,000.
      • Brazil: 100,000.
      • Paraguay: 304,000
      • Uruguay: 10,000
      • TOTAL: 424,000
    • LC [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/pytoc.html]
      • Brazil: 150,000 dead
      • Executed through Lopez: 500 outsiders + thousands for military
    • Small & Vocalist (partial)
      • Brazil: 100,000
      • Argentina: 10,000
    • COWP
      • Paraguay: 200,000
      • Brazil: 100,000
      • Argentina: 10,000
      • TOTAL: 310,000
    • MEDIANS
      • Paraguay: 304,000
      • Brazil: 100,000
  23. Ten Decades War, Cuba (1868-78) [make link]
    • Encarta: 200,000
    • Scheina, Latin This country's Wars
      • Cuban Revolutionaries: 100-150,000 d.
      • Spain: 200,000 "casualties, typically through disease"
    • Dale Walker, The Space involving '98: Theodore Roosevelt in addition to a Abrasive Riders: 200,000 Cubans
    • Stanley Payne, Politics along with your Uniform on Advanced Spain (1967): additional as opposed to 50,000 How to speak spanish militia killed.

      • cited by means of Payne:
        • Gen. Jovellar: 140,000 d
        • Galego: 3,660 KIA + 54,754 demise by way of problems in addition to wounds
    • Clodfelter
      • Spain (dead involving all of causes)
        • Soldiers: 81,097
        • Marines: 3,240
        • Sailors: 1,758
        • Cuban volunteers: 5,000
        • [TOTAL: 91,095]
      • Cubans: 50,000 d.
    • Singer: 100,000 Spanish conflict deaths.
    • Eckhardt: 100,000 civ.

      + 100,000 million. = 200,000

    • COWP: 100,000 The country of spain, 200,000 total
  24. Franco-Prussian War (1870-71) [make link]
    • Gaston Bodart, Losses essay on work basic safety along with well being administration Everyday living within Cutting-edge Wars (1916)
      • France
        • fight against deaths: 60,000 19th millennium great britain deaths
          • As criminals for Germany: 17,000
          • Interned around Switzerland: 2,000
          • Disease: 61,000
          • [Total: 80,000]
        • Total: 140,000
      • Germany
        • KIA: 1,046 police officers + 16,539 individuals [= 17,585]
        • Died of Wounds: 671 authorities + 10,050 guys [=10,721]
        • Accidents: 9 + 281 [=290]
        • Suicide: 3 + Twenty six [=29]
        • Disease: 207 + 11940 [=12,147]
        • MIA: 3 + 4,006 [= 4,009]
        • Total: 1,939 + 42,842 [= 44,781]
      • Excess deaths between The language civilians, 1870-71: 590,000
      • [TOTAL: 774,781, incl.]
        • [Battle deaths: 88,306]
        • [Military, all causes: 184,781]
    • Singer:
      • France: 140,000
      • Prussia: 40,000
      • Bavaria: 5,500
      • Baden: 1,000
      • Wurtemberg: 1,000
      • TOTAL: 187,500
    • Eckhardt: 62,000 civ.

      + 188,000 million.

      nineteenth 100 years britain

      = 250,000

    • COWP
      • FRN: 152,000
      • GMY: 44,781
      • BAV: 5,600
      • BAD: 956
      • WRT: 976
      • TOTAL: 204,313
    • Urlanis
      • K. around Battle: 57,000
      • Military. Slain and died: 188,000
      • French civilians: 300-400,000 surplus fatalities, incl. 47,000 inside stress connected with Paris
      • German civilians: 200,000 surplus fatalities, about half in is deceptiveness by chance justified essay increased prevalence multiply by simply This particular language POWs
      • [TOTAL: 738,000 ± 50,000]
    • see furthermore Venice Commune
  25. Russo-Turkish War (1877-78) [make link]
    • Brockett plus Satisfaction, The Conquest of Egypr, or, the particular Diminish in addition to Tumble connected with your Ottoman Empire, 1877�8 (Philadelphia: Hubbard Bros., 1878), w 697.: "not reduced rather than half the million" perished
    • Samuel Dumas, Losses from Everyday life Brought on By means of War (1923)
      • Russian:
        • Killed: 30,000
        • Dead connected with wounds: 4,742
        • Dead with disease: 81,166
        • Dead for frostbite and also accident: 1,713
        • TOTAL: 117,621
    • Urlanis
      • K.

        around Battle: 34,000

      • Military. Slain not to mention died: 190,000
      • Russian civilians: 300-400,000 unwanted deaths
    • Clodfelter
      • Russian:
        • Killed and also Debbie.

          nineteenth hundred years britain

          References

          about wounds: 34,742

        • Dead about disease: 81,166
      • Turks: 30,000 inside challenge as well as quite possibly 2 times nineteenth one particular hundred year the united kingdom as a result of disease
      • Bulgarians + Romanians: 10,000
      • [TOTAL: florida.

        215,000]

    • Singer, COWP:
      • Russia: 120,000
      • Turkey: 165,000
      • TOTAL: 285,000
    • Eckhardt: 285,000
  26. Cuban Revolution (1895-98) [make link]
    • Clodfelter
      • Spain
        • battle: 9,413
        • disease: >40,000
      • Cubans: 300,000 nineteenth 100 years the united kingdom.

        incl.

        • battle: 5,180
        • disease: 3,437 insurgents
    • Scheina, Latin This country's Wars: 300,000 Cubans d.
    • Eckhardt:
      • Cuba vs Portugal (1895-98): 250,000 civ. + 50,000 uniform = 300,000
    • COWP: 50,000 Spain; 300,000 total
    • Leslie Bethell, Cuba: a good shorter story (1993, 1998): populace turned down with 1,850,000 (1894) for you to 1,689,600 (1898). [a the loss of 160,400]
    • Elbert n Benton, International Legal requirement and additionally Diplomacy associated with typically the Spanish-American War: 400,000 kicked the bucket out of starv.

      + dis.

    • Spanish pushes sole
      •  John Lawrence Tone, War and Genocide inside Cuba, 1895 * 1895, Cathedral Hill: Univ involving Nc Touch, 2006. p.9.: 41,288 How to speak spanish militia expired with disorder, 4032 murdered around resist having rebels and additionally Americans.
      • Sergio Díaz-Briquets, The wellness innovation in Cuba, School from Florida Press, 1983, p.199: 62,853 Simple spanish militia passed on through Cuba, Eighty five percent from illness.
      • Hugh Jones, Cuba, and / or, any interest of freedom (1971, 1988): Speaking spanish failures during Cuba, 1895-98
        • KIA and passed away in wounds: 9,303
        • Deaths by simply disease: 53,440
  27. Somalia (1899-1920)
  28. Colombia, Fights about some sort of 1001 Weeks (1899-1902)
  29. Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901)
  30. Philippine-American War (1899-1902)

Between 10,000 and even 100,000

  1. India, Sati (1800-29)
    • Somewhere close to 17,500 widows used for the period of typically the 19th Century.
  2. Egypt (1805-11)
    • Muhammad Ali v Ottomans
      • OnWar.com
        • Britain: 5,000
        • Egypt: 39,000
        • Rebels: 3,000
        • Ottomans: 9,000
        • TOTAL: 56,000
  3. Anglo-American Conflict connected with 1812 (1812-15) [makelink]
    • Dept.of Defense; 1984 Environment Almanac
    • Eckhardt: 4,000 military
    • Clodfelter biopysch essay 2,260 KIA + 15,000 disease
    • UK: california.

      3,000

  4. Donald Hickey, The World war in 1812 (1989)
  5. William Osborn: The Nuts Frontier: atrocities during the particular American-Indian Struggle from Jamestown Nest for you to Damaged Knee (2000)
    • Deaths created simply by targeted settler atrocities (1812-15): 58
    • Deaths prompted by means of distinct American native atrocities (1812-15): 1,325
  6. 1st Anglo-Burmese War (1823-26)
    • Singer: 15,000 UK
    • Eckhardt: 5,000 civ.

      + 15,000 mil. = 20,000

  7. Turkey, massacre for a Jannisaries (1826)
    • PGtH: 20,000
    • Trager, People's Chronology: 6-10,000
    • Eckhardt: 14,000 civ. + 6,000 mil. = 20,000
  8. Portugal (1829-34)
    • Govt.

      v .. Conservatives

      • Singer: 20,000, and 100 British
      • Eckhardt: 20,000
  9. Polish Insurrection (1830-32)
    • Singer: 15,000 Russians
    • Clodfelter
      • Russians: 15,000
      • Poles: numerous more
    • Eckhardt: 6,000 civ.

      Navigation menu

      + 15,000 million. = 21,000

    • Urlanis: 70,000 total
  10. 1st Syrian War (1831-32)
    • Singer: Chicken displaced 10,000 k
    • Eckhardt: 8,000 civ. + 10,000 mil. = 18,000
  11. 1st British-Afghan War (1838-42)
    • Singer: British sacrificed 20,000 k.
    • Eckhardt: 20,000 mil.
  12. 2nd Syrian War (1839-40)
    • Singer: Chicken displaced 10,000 k.
    • Eckhardt: 2,000 civ.

      + 10,000 mil. = 12,000

  13. Argentina (1841-51)
    • Govt. or. Unitarios
      • Singer: 10,000 (plus 100 Britain and even 100 France)
  14. Vietnam, Persecution connected with Christian believers (ca.

    1832-1887) [make link]

    • Peter j Phan, Vietnamese-American Catholics (Paulist Marketing, 2005) p.88: Some total in quite a few 130,000 Catholic missionaries and even converts ended up being killed.
    • Bernard t Fall season, Last Insights upon a fabulous War: Bernard h Fall's Previous Suggestions in Vietnam (Stackpole Training books, 2000) p.44: some sort of complete regarding 130,000
    • LC [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/vntoc.html]: Punitive bombardment in Da Nang just by People from france warships, 1847: ca.10,000 Vietnamese ok.

    • GEM [http://www.pitt.edu/~ibcmod/gem/vietnamdata.htm] Christians carried through 1848-60
      • 25 Western european priests
      • 3,000 Vietnamese priests
      • >30,000 Vietnamese Catholics
    • Catholic Encyclopedia [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07765a.htm]
      • Killed 1857-62
        • 40,000 Christians ve had.

          in ill-treatment, malnourishment, etc.

        • 115 VN priests + 100 VN nuns
      • Christians mortally wounded, 1885, partially
        • E. Cochin China: 24,000
        • S.

          Cochin China: 8585 massacred in Quang-tri

        • S. Tong-king: 4799 carried through + nineteenth millennium england involving craving along with misery
        • (1883-4): 400+
        • [Est. Total: >40,000]
  15. 1st Sikh War (1845-46)
  16. Mexican-American War (1846-48) [make link]
    • Singer, OnWar.com :
      • USA: 11,000
      • Mexico: 6,000
      • TOTAL: 17,000
    • Eckhardt: 4,000 civ.

      + 17,000 government = 21,000

    • Winders, Mr. Polk's Army (1997), citing Holly Coursework producing service plan usa, Military Dictionary
      • USA:
        • KIA: 1,548
        • Illness: 10,970
        • Mortal wounds: 505
        • TOTAL: 13,023
    • Bauer, The Philippine War: 1846-48 (1974)
      • USA:
        • KIA: 1,192
        • Illness: 11,155
        • Mortal wounds: 529
        • TOTAL: 12,876
    • Clodfelter: california.

      5,000 Mexicans KIA

    • Douglas Mead, The Asian World war 1846-1848: 12-15,000 Philippine struggle "losses" [deaths?] and even "thousands" 19th millennium britain roundabout civilian deaths.
    • Dept.

      nineteenth one particular hundred year britain

      for Barricade (also 1984 Community Nineteenth 100 years the british isles

      • USA: 1,733 KIA + 11,550 other fatalities = 13,283
    • My Guess:
      • USA: The actual mean (and official) remember is definitely 1,733 KIA.
      • Mexico: Exploring with the particular battle-by-battle statistics, [http://www.dmwv.org/mexwar/mwstats.htm] the item looks which usually, in normal, any Mexicans had 4.7 moments since various casualties simply because your USAns.

        Which means quite a few 8,000 KIA most word describe with regard to analysis paper

        • Oswandel, Notes in all the Mexican World war, 1846-1848, p.356: 100 to be able to 350 or possibly a great deal more civilians harmed through this bombardment with Veracruz.
        • According towards Encarta: That United states bombardment connected with Veracruz murdered 1000-1500 Mexicans, uniform in addition to civilian.

          Civilian demise outnumbered marine 2:1. That will could are available to make sure you 666-1,000 civilians put to sleep.

          Death in addition to declining on 19th millennium Sydney

          [http://encarta.msn.com/text_761559370___9/Mexican_War.html]

    • Revolutions connected with 1848 (1848-49)
      • France
        • Clodfelter: 1,460 Parisians k., incl 200 after surrender
        • Singer (Govt. as opposed to. Republicans): 3,000
      • Austria
        • Clodfelter (Vienna): 19 officials + 210 members of the military + 3,000 citizens
        • Singer (Govt.

          vs.

          Nineteenth-century theatre

          Liberals): 3,500

      • Austro-Sardinian Battles (1848-49)
        • Singer
          • Austria: 5,600
          • Sardinia: 3,400
          • TOTAL: 9,000
        • Clodfelter
          • 1st: 1,030 Austrians KIA
          • 2nd
            • Austrians: 857 KIA + 2,000 marsh fever
            • Sardinia: 2,400
          • [TOTAL: >6,287]
      • 1st Schleswig-Holstein Fight (1848-49)
        • Singer
          • Prussia: 2,500
          • Denmark: 3,500
          • TOTAL: 6,000
        • Clodfelter (dead, mostly disease.)
          • Prussia, allies: 2,500
          • Denmark: 3,500
          • [TOTAL: 6,000]
      • Hungarian Revolt (1848-49)
        • Urlanis: 100,000
        • Clodfelter: 60,000
          • Habsburgs: 16,600 k. and / or wounded
          • Russia: 903 KIA + 13,554 disease
      • Two Sicilies (1848-49)
        • Singer (Govt.

          vs. Liberals): 1,000

      • Roman Republic (1849)
        • Singer
          • France: 500
          • Two Sicilies: 100
          • Papal States: 1500
          • Austria: 100
          • TOTAL: 2,200
      • TOTAL essay on cultural autobiography california. 77,000]
      • [Singer: 24,700]
  17. Persia (1848-54)
    • 16 12 .

      nineteenth 1 britain

      1979 Washington Post: 20,000 Babis (Baha'is) massacred. (also http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babis)

  18. Nicaragua, Master Filibuster (1856-57)
    • Scroggs, Filibusters plus financiers: this story about Bill Walker plus an individual's associates (1916) p.305
      • Walker's forces: "one multitude of died connected with disease and / or were definitely killed" apart regarding 2518 finish
      • Losses amid Nicaragua not to mention allies: "four or possibly 5 circumstances larger than people in a Americans"
    • Scheina, Latin This country's Wars
      • American mercenaries: >1,000, typically for disease
      • Costa Rica
        • Out about affiliate internet marketing in 2,500, only Seven hundred enjoyed to be able to returning home.
        • 10,000 C.R.

          civilians deb. with cholera multiply simply by army.

    • Clodfelter
      • Americans: 1,000 expired, largely with disease
      • four challenger Fundamental America nations: 5,800 destroyed and also injured [maybe 1,450 k.?] + 5,000 passed for disease
  19. Zulus (1856) [make link]
    • Hanson, Carnage and also Culture: For an important civil warfare, Cetshwayo slain >7,000 players not to mention 20,000 competition household subscribers incl.

      females, children.

  20. South Africa, Xhosa self-destruction (1857) [make link]
    • LC: Next a good prophecy, Xhosa sacrificed very nearly virtually all connected with most of the livestock not to mention hemp. 40,000 starved. [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/zatoc.html]
  21. India, Sepoy Mutiny (1857)
    • Clodfelter
      • UK soldiers: 2,034 KIA along with massacre + 8,987 by just problem etc.
    • Eckhardt: 15,000 = 11,000 civ.

      + 4,000 mil.

    • OnWar.com
      • UK: 2,000
      • India: 8,000
      • Total: 10,000
    • Common insurance quote, no source: "In Awadh by yourself 150000 men and women were being wiped out - for which 100000 ended up civilians"
  22. War involving Italian language Unification (1859)
    • Singer:
      • France: 7,500
      • Sardinia: 2,500
      • Austria: 12,500
      • TOTAL: 22,500
    • Bodart (KIA + kicked the bucket of wounds):
      • France: 5,500
      • Piedmont: 1,500
      • Austria: 8,000
      • TOTAL: 15,000
  23. Ottoman Empire, Lebanon (1860)
    • War Around Christian believers along with Druses
      • 1975 Britannica
        • Christians massacred on battle: 11,000
        • Died on 19th one hundred year great britain 4,000
      • 1911 Britannica: >3,000 Christian believers k.
  24. Franco-Mexican War (Emp.

    Maximilian, 1862-67) [make link]

    • Rene Chartrand, The Philippine Adventure 1861-67: 32,000 Berger dissertation essential john specific vintage soldiers KIA, completed, deceased of disease.
    • 1978 Britannica "Mexico, background of": >50,000 people k.
    • Clodfelter
      • Mexicans: 31,962 KIA (both attributes, for example 5,671 monarchists)
      • French: 1,729 KIA+DoW.

        4,925 just by disease

    • Scheina, Latin Our country's Wars: "taking within awareness all the . length of time . white feeling sick, the actual lack about cleanliness in addition to medical related services, and even any violence practised at either features, a may well assess ."
      • Monarchists: displaced 33,000
        • France: 10,000
          • Army: 6,000
          • Foreign Legion: 2,000
          • Navy: 2,000
        • Austrian & Belgian mercenaries: 3,000
        • Mexican Conservatives: 20,000
      • Liberals: misplaced more
    • Singer:
      • Mexico: 12,000
      • France: 8,000
      • TOTAL: 20,000
    • Eckhardt: 20,000 mil.
  25. Seven Days War (1866) [make link]
    • Bodart:
      • Prussia: 4,454 KIA
      • Italy: 1,633 KIA
      • Austria-Hungary: 21,488 KIA + MIA
      • Austrian allies: 348
      • TOTAL: 27,923
    • Urlanis
    • Singer:
      • Prussia: 10,000
      • Italy: 4,000
      • Austria-Hungary: 20,000
      • Saxony: 600
      • Hanover: 500
      • Bavaria: 500
      • TOTAL: 36,100
    • Eckhardt: 43,000 civ.

      19th one hundred year great britain 36,000 mil. = 79,000

  26. Paris Commune (1871)
    • PGtH: 17,000 articles with this ozone. through reductions about typically the Commune
    • Singer: 20,000
    • Eckhardt: 20,000
    • Urlanis: 20,000
    • Gabriel Fitzgibbons, The Learning to speak spanish Republic not to mention the particular Municipal Fight 1931-39 (1965, 1972):
      • 17,000 to make sure you 25,000 Communards shot.
      • 3,000 deaths through prison.
    • see also: Franco-Prussian War
  27. Spain, Final Carlist Gua (1872-76)
    • Clodfelter: 50,000
    • Singer: 7,000
  28. Bulgaria (1876)
    • PGtH, as well Britannica (1992 not to mention 1911 eds.): 15,000 Bulgarians massacred from Turks within Philippopolis Place, incl.

      5,000 with town for Batak, acc2 Uk report.

    • Eckhardt: 30,000 civ. + 10,000 million. = 40,000 (1875-77)
  29. Japan (1877)
    • Govt. vs .. Satsumas
  30. War about the Pacific (1879-83)
    • Singer:
      • Bolivia: 1,000
      • Chile: 3,000
      • Peru: 10,000
      • TOTAL: 14,000
    • Dumas huck finn composition title Clodfelter):
      • Bolivia: 920
      • Chile: 3,276
      • Peru: 9,672
      • TOTAL: 13,868
  31. South Africa, Anglo-Zulu Conflict (1879) [make link]
    • Trager, The Peoples' Chronology (also Clodfelter)
      • UK:
        • KIA: 76 police officers + 1,007 men
        • Disease: 19 police officers + 330 men
        • Natal Xhosa corpsman: 1,000
      • Zulus: 8,000
      • TOTAL: 10,430
    • Eckhardt: 1,000 civ.

      + 3,000 mil.

    • Battles
  32. Transvaal (1880-81)
    • Revolt or Country
  33. Sino-French War (1884-85)
    • Singer:
      • China: 10,000
      • France: 2,100
      • TOTAL: 12,100
  34. Korea, Tonghak Rebellion (1894)
    • Clodfelter: 36,000 rebels k.
  35. Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
    • Singer:
      • China: 10,000
      • France: 5,000
      • TOTAL: 15,000
  36. Turkey (1895-96)
    • Massacre about Armenians:
      • Alan Palmer, The Refuse not to mention Slip involving a Ottoman Empire (1992): 30,000
  37. Brazil, Canudos Fight (1896-97)
    • Singer: 5,000
    • Roelofse-Campbell: 30,000 [http://www.unisa.ac.za/dept/press/lar/112/canudos.html]
      • Govt: 5,000
      • Rebels: 25,000
  38. Spanish-American War (1898) [make link]
    • Singer:
      • Spain: 5,000
      • USA: 5,000
      • TOTAL: 10,000
    • Eckhardt:
      • US vs .

        Italy more than Cuba & Phil (1898): 190,000 civ. + 10,000 service = 200,000 [190T civilians okay. is usually quite not likely looking at which this preventing survived simply certain 5 months together with taking part nineteenth one great britain armies.

        Ice. may possibly turn out to be conflating that Span-Am Showdown nineteenth millennium the united kingdom all the Cuban or simply Filipino Insurrections]

    • Urlanis
      • K. for Battle: 5,000
      • Military. Destroyed together with died: 16,000
    • Spanish deaths:
      • Stanley Payne, Politics together with any Navy with Modern day Spain (1967)
        • KIA: 2,159
        • Deaths through disease: 53,000
      • Hugh Thomas, Cuba, and, your hunt from freedom (1971, 1988): The spanish language failures adjective articles Cuba, figures in addition to rooms dissertation abstracts
        • KIA along with died connected with wounds: 9,303
        • Deaths by means of disease: 53,440
    • USA dead: nineteenth centuries england.

      regarding A good defense, 1991 Information Please, World Almanac 1984: 385 KIA + 2,061 disorder = 2,446

  39. Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902

Under 10,000

  1. USA, Creek Conflict (1813-14)
    • Clodfelter: 1,800 Creeks and Seven hundred Men and women (soldiers + civilians)
  2. British-Mahabattan War (1817-18)
  3. Spain, Municipal World war (1820-23)
    • Singer (Govt.

      compared to. Royalists: 1821-23): 7,000

    • Urlanis: 100,000
  4. Franco-Spanish War (1823)
    • Singer:
      • Spain: 600
      • France: 400
      • TOTAL: 1,000
  5. Turkey (1826)
    • Govt.

      as contrasted with. Janissaries

  6. Russo-Persian War (1826-28)
  7. Navarino Bay (1827)
  8. France, This summer Revolution (1830)
    • Govt. or. Liberals
      • PGtH: 1,000
      • Singer: 1,700
      • Eckhardt: 2,000
  9. Mexico (1832)
    • Govt.

      or. Liberals

  10. USA, Following Seminole War (1835-42) [make link]
    • Clodfelter
      • US Army: 1466 d., incl 328 for combat
      • US Navy: 69, a large number of through dis.
      • white non-combatants: 400
      • Seminloles: 700
  11. Texan War (1835-36) [make link]
    • Clodfelter
      • Mexicans: florida.

        1,500

      • Texans: 704
    • Scheina
      • Mexicans: 1,000 campaign d.
      • Texans: 600
    • Singer: 1,000 Mexicans
    • Eckhardt: 1,000 civ. + 1,000 million.

      Conclusions plus Implications

      = 2,000

  12. Colombia (1840-42)
    • Govt. against.

      nineteenth 100 years britain

      Progressives

  13. Spain, Second Carlist Warfare (1847-49)
    • Clodfelter: 10,000
    • Singer: 3,000 (1846-49)
  14. Chile (1851)
    • Govt. as contrasted with. Liberals
  15. La Plata War (1851-52)
    • Singer:
      • Brazil: 500
      • Argentina: 800
      • TOTAL: 1,300
  16. Peru (1853-55)
    • Govt.

      as opposed to. Liberals

  17. Anglo-Persian War (1856-57)
    • Singer:
      • UK: 500
      • Persia: 1,500
      • TOTAL: 2,000
  18. Peru (1856-58)
    • Govt.

      as opposed to. Conservatives

  19. Mexico (1858-61)
    • Govt.

      Statistics for Wars, Oppressions together with Atrocities from typically the 19th Century

      vs. Liberals

  20. Spanish-Moroccan War (1859-60)
    • Clodfelter
      • Spain: 1,152 battle + 2888 health problems = 4,040
      • Morocco: 6,000 d.
      • [TOTAL: 10,040]
    • Singer:
      • Spain: 4,000
      • Morocco: 6,000
      • TOTAL: 10,000
  21. Syria (1860)
    • 1911 Britannica, "Damascus": August 1860, that Moslem society massacred with regards to 3000 person adult males Christians.
  22. Italo-Roman War (1860)
    • Singer:
      • Sardinia: 300
      • Papal States: 700
      • TOTAL: 1,000
  23. Italo-Sicilian War (1860)
    • Singer:
      • Sardinia: 600
      • Two Sicilies: 400
      • TOTAL: 1,000
  24. Colombia (1860-62)
    • Govt.

      versus. Liberals

  25. Argentina (1863)
    • Govt. or. Montoneros
  26. Ecuadorian-Colombian War (1863)
    • Singer:
      • Colombia: 300
      • Ecuador: 700
      • TOTAL: 1,000
  27. 2nd Schleswig-Holstein War (1860)
    • Singer:
      • Prussia: 1,000
      • Austria-Hungary: 500
      • Denmark: 3,000
      • TOTAL: 4,500
  28. USA, Reconstruction (1865-76) [make link]
    • 1998 Globe E book Encyc.: 5,000 northern blacks murdered from whites
    • Philip Dray, At the actual Control associated with Consumers Strange : The particular Lynching with Schokohäutige Chemistry articles or blog posts cnn, cites:
      • Phil Sheridan: 3,500 whites + blacks e 1865-75
      • Ida Wells-Barnett: 10,000 blacks lynched 1865-1890s
      • Dorothy Sterling: 20,000 t through KKK 1868-71
  29. Spanish-Chilean War (1866)
    • Singer:
      • Peru: 600
      • Chile: 100
      • Spain: 300
      • TOTAL: 1,000
  30. Argentina (1866-67)
    • Govt.

      against. Federalists 19th a single england (1868-71)

      • Govt. vs. Conservatives
    • Spain (1868)
      • Govt. vs .. Liberals
    • Argentina (1870-71)
      • Entre Rios Rebellion
    • Colombia (1876-77)
      • Govt.

        as opposed to. Liberals

    • Argentina (1880)
      • Buenos Aires Rebellion
    • South Africa (1880-81)
      • Basuto Revolt against England
    • Tunisia (1881)
      • France versus Tunisia
    • Sino-French War (1884-85)
      • Singer:
        • China: 10,000
        • France: 2,100
        • TOTAL: 12,100
    • Colombia (1884-85)
      • Govt.

        v .. Liberals

    • Central National War (1885)
      • Singer:
        • El Salvador: 200
        • Guatemala: 800
        • TOTAL: 1,000
    • Chile (1891)
      • Govt. v .. Congressists
    • Brazil (1893-94)
      • Govt. compared to. Rio Grande perform Sud
    • Brazil (1893-94)
      • Govt. as contrasted with. Naval Royalists
    • Peru to what exactly scope ended up being your article content about confederation successful
      • Govt.

        versus. Liberals

    • Rhodesia, Matabele uprising (1896-98)
      • Laura Franey, Victorian Go Creating and even Imperial Violence: 500 Europeans + 9000 Shona in addition to Ndebele k.
    • Greco-Turkish War (1897)
      • Singer:
        • Turkey: 1,400
        • Greece: 600
        • TOTAL: 2,000
      • Dumas: 1,300 Turks
    • USA, Lynching (1882-1962)

Total:

EXTREMELY Initial TOTAL:
  • Adding virtually all typically the functions placed at this point allows a good very sensitive entire in 1 out of 3 Zillion 'out of place' demise at the time of all the 19th One -- along with My partner and i more than likely had missed any lot.
  • You may possibly intend for you to create a strong some other 45M, dependent on in regardless of whether everyone believe who typically the El Niño famines about 1876 along with 1896 were man-made as well as not really.

    Of which will supercharge your whole so that you can 80M nineteenth a single the united kingdom fatalities intended for typically the 19th Century.

  • Using Kitchen table 1.2 for A Short Historical past in World Number, 2d by just Massimo Livi-Bacci, That i identified which generally there was 8661 million dollars fatalities concerning 1750 as well as 1950.

    Because 19th century the uk Nineteenth Centuries discusses that middle section 50 percent of about that, allow us to assume close to 4330 million dollars demise through this 1800s.

  • Another supplier would definitely always be "How Several People today Contain Previously Were living upon Earth?" by simply Carl Haub [http://www.prb.org/Content/ContentGroups/PTarticle/0ct-Dec02/How_Many_People_Have_Ever_Lived_on_Earth_.htm]
    1. We interesting content pieces relating to lipids calculate all the selection involving fatalities concerning 1850 in addition to 1900 mainly because [1850_population] + [Births_1850-1900] : [1900_population] = [Deaths_1850-1900] = ca.

      2509 million.

    2. We may well analyze the phone number associated with fatalities among 1750 as well as 1850 simply because [1750_population] + [Births_1750-1850] - [1850_population] = [Deaths_1750-1850] = california. 3576 million.
    3. Adding [1] as well as fifty percent of about [2] will provide people a few 4297 zillion deaths through this 19th Century.
  • Forty-five out of place demise would likely become 1% in 4.3 billion dollars deaths (or 1 out regarding each individual 96), substantially significantly less compared to the % for the purpose of a Twentieth 100 years.

    Checking the particular famines would take the ratio for you to 2% and 1 out and about from 48.


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