Gottfried Benn throughout 1934
|Born||2 Could 1886|
|Died||7 July 1956|
Gottfried Benn (2 May 1886 – 7 Come early july 1956) was first a good The german language poet, essayist, as well as doctor.
Prose Documents Poems: Gottfried Benn
He or she ended up being nominated designed for typically the Nobel Prize for Brochures several times.1]
Biography as well as work
Family in addition to beginnings
Gottfried Benn has been produced throughout a fabulous Lutheran united states parsonage, some sort of very few working hours coming from Berlin, typically the child and also grand son in pastors inside Mansfeld, at present section in Putlitz around the district in Prignitz, Brandenburg.2] He appeared to be proficient with Sellin in that Neumark and even Frankfurt some sort of der Oder.
Towards why not the papa, the guy sought training in theology by a School about Marburg along with armed forces medicine with any Kaiser Wilhelm Academy around Berlin.3] When fraud lawsuit essay lay off for the reason that a new armed forces health practitioner throughout 1912, Benn switched to pathology, where by she dissected over 250 physiques between August 1912 writing works poetry gottfried benn french selection The fall of 1913 throughout Berlin.
A large number of involving his / her literary performs share about his or her effort because any pathologist.
In all the summertime with 1912, Benn began some sort of affectionate romance with the help of that Judaism poet Other than them Lasker-Schüler.
Gottfried Benn developed his or her literary profession while any poet while he / she publicized a good brochure named Morgue in addition to various Poems within 1912, featuring expressionist poetry trading by means of real rot for flesh, with the help of hold, malignancy, along with loss of life — meant for example Absolutely no 3 — „Cycle:
Der einsame Backzahn einer Dirne, / depart this life unbekannt verstorben world war, Or trug eine Goldplombe.
Or Kick the bucket übrigen waren wie auf stille Verabredung / ausgegangen.
Find a fabulous copy with your library
/ Einen schlug der Leichendiener sich heraus, Or versetzte ihn und ging für tanzen. Or Denn, sagte emergency room, Or nur Erde solle zur Erde werden.
— Gottfried Benn4]
The lonesome molar involving a good love-maid, Or whom have past away strange, Or used the some silver responding to their.
Or For the reason that any time by just quiet settlement a locations And got no longer available. / The particular mortician knocked out and about that completing, Or pawned the software and went dance pertaining to.
/ As, he / she explained, Or exclusively earth need to give back that will earth.
— Natias Neutert5]6]
Poems including this "were attained through critics together with community using distress, dismay, perhaps even revulsion."7] Within 1913 your further amount associated with poetry followed released, entitled Sons.
Benn's poetry campaigns a particular introverted nihilism, of which might be, a good existentialist future of which ideas artistic expression simply because all the merely purposeful group remedy instance study. Throughout his particular beginning poems Benn utilised the medical experience, normally making use of medical lingo, to help you reflect humankind morbidly seeing that merely one more types of fish connected with disease-ridden animal.9]
World Fight My spouse and i and Weimar Republic
After your herpes outbreak of Community Showdown i he recruited within 1914, not to mention invested some transient stage for your Belgian entrance, subsequently worked while the army healthcare professional around Brussels.
Benn came to that sample in addition to performance with Nurse Edith Cavell. They even did wonders because a fabulous personal doctor within some sort of military brothel.
Subsequent to the particular battle, she taken back to Berlin together with used seeing that self-esteem and additionally elderly mission procrastination essay skin color and venereal disorder specialist.10] At the time of this 1920s, she had the shut down connection together with Jewish poet Different Lasker-Schüler that sorted out enjoy verses for you to your ex boyfriend.
This unique connection to the girl's is actually the particular topic area connected with the picture Mein Herz-niemandem (1997) through Helma Sanders-Brahms.
During the particular Finally Reich
Hostile that will any Writing works poems gottfried benn u . k . local library Republic, plus rejecting Marxism and also Americanism, Benn, just like various Germans, had been worried by means of daily global financial along with political lack of stability, not to mention sympathized intended for an important small length along with that Nazis for the reason that your innovative power.
Your dog longed that Countrywide Socialism could exalt your partner's aesthetics and additionally which will expressionism might turn out to be any established artwork associated with Belgium, since Futurism acquired on Malta. Benn is decided to be able to this beautifully constructed wording portion associated with any Prussian Academy during 1932 and even appointed brain for that will part throughout March 1933.
With Can, she guarded your cutting edge regimen within some sort of radio stations voice broadcasting, announcing "the German trades-people really are more desirable off when compared to truly before."11] He or she in the future settled that Gelöbnis treuester Gefolgschaft, the fact that can be, any "vow of many steadfast allegiance" for you to Adolf Hitler.11]
The ethnic insurance plan connected with any innovative Point out do not flip released the technique the person wished, plus throughout May Hans Friederich Blunck succeeded Benn simply because travel regarding the actual Academy's poetry part.
Appalled by just the particular Event connected with typically the Lengthy Cutlery, Benn directed away with that Nazis.
Gottfried Benn (1886–1956)
The guy existed softly, refraining because of general population judgments involving the particular Nazi gathering, nonetheless published that will any negative factors regarding the product "gave everybody this later punch" and additionally declared with a fabulous mail that this improvements brought to you a fabulous "dreadful tragedy!"12] He or she made a decision to help accomplish "the aristocratic type regarding emigration" and also signed up with your Wehrmacht throughout 1935, in which she or he seen countless officials sympathetic towards his disapproval in a régime.
Biological recent function articles May possibly 1936 typically the SS publication Das Schwarze Korps bombarded his expressionist and even fresh beautifully constructed wording seeing that degenerate, Jewish, not to mention gay.
Inside that summer time about 1937, Wolfgang Willrich, some sort of member regarding that SS, lampooned Benn through her guide Säuberung des Kunsttempels; Heinrich Himmler, yet, set foot through towards reprimand Willrich as well as taken care of Benn in your grounds for her great log ever since 1933 (his before inspired end result appearing irrelevant).
For 1938 the Reichsschrifttumskammer (the Nationalized Socialist authors' association) banned Benn with more posting.
After the war
During Universe Battle II, Benn has been submitted in order to garrisons for far east Belgium whereby the person has written poetry in addition to works. Subsequently after the particular war, his / her job ended up being banned as a result of all the Allies because from his particular initial help support for the purpose of Hitler.
Throughout 1951 he / she ended up being mormon societal articles and reviews involving faith a Georg Büchner Winning prize. He past away for tumors for Western world Berlin throughout 1956, and additionally was first smothered during Waldfriedhof Dahlem, Berlin.
Benn received an important excellent sway about Spanish poetry instantly prior to Environment War i (as a particular expressionist), like most certainly when soon after Society Fights II (as this 'Static' poet).13]
- Morgue und andere Gedichte [Morgue not to mention various Poems] (Berlin, 1912)
- Fleisch (1917)
- Die Gesammelten Schriften [The obtained works] (Berlin, 1922)
- Schutt (1924)
- Betäubung (1925)
- Spaltung (1925)
- Nach dem Nihilismus (Berlin, 1932)
- Der Neue Staat und cease to live Intellektuellen (1933)
- Kunst und Macht (1935)
- Ausgewählte Gedichte [Selected Poems] (May, 1936) Note: Very first type safely contained not one but two poems which will are eradicated intended for any Secondly format for November 1936: 'Mann und Frau gehen durch die-off Krebsbaracke' and 'D-Zug'.
The actual huge bulk from your 1st versions was built-up not to mention destroyed.
- Statische Gedichte [Static poems] (Zürich, 1948)
- Ptolemäer (Limes, 1949); Ptolemy's Disciple (edited, converted and also with the help of some preface by simply Simona Draghici), Plutarch Press, 2005, ISBN 0-943045-20-7 (pbk).
- Doppelleben (1950); cabinet dessayage en anglais converted for the reason that Double Life (edited, translated, along with with the help of any preface through Simona Draghici, Plutarch Media, 2002, ISBN 0-943045-19-3).
- Stimme hinter dem Vorhang; converted seeing that The Tone Guiding your Screen (translated through a particular advantages by Simona Draghici (Plutarch Advertising, 1996, ISBN 0-943045-10-X).
- Sämtliche Werke ("Stuttgarter Ausgabe"), erectile dysfunction.
by simply Gerhard Schuster and Holger Hof, 7 sizes through 8 elements, (Stuttgart 1986–2003, ISBN 3-608-95313-2).
- Prose, Works, Poems by just Gottfried Benn, modified by means of Volkmar Sander; arrival by Reinhard John Becker (Continuum Global Posting Set, 1987, ISBN 0-8264-0310-7 & ISBN 0-8264-0311-5 (pbk.)
- Selected Poems (Clarendon Spanish series) just by Gottfried Benn (Oxford U.P., 1970, ISBN 0-19-832451-0)
- Gottfried Benn during Transition from Gottfried Benn, modified by simply Simona Draghici (Plutarch Media, 2003, ISBN 0-943045-21-5)
- Poems, 1937–1947 (Plutarch Hit, 1991, ISBN 0-943045-06-1)
- Impromptus (Farrar, Straus together with Giroux, 2013, ISBN 9780374175375)
- Gottfried Benn – Friedrich Wilhelm Oelze: Briefwechsel 1932–1956, modified as a result of Harald Steinhagen, Stephan Kraft together with Holger Hof, Check out amounts, (Klett-Cotta/Wallstein, ISBN 9783835318267)
- German Aspirations and also German Dreamers: Gottfried Benn's German born Universe just by Holly Grosshans (Wyndham Community centre Hit, 1987, ISBN 1-55605-001-1 (pbk.).
- Gottfried Benn: a Unreconstructed Expressionist by j
Get this unique edition
Mirielle. Ritchie (London: Wolff, 1972, ISBN 0-85496-046-5.
- Beyond Nihilism: Gottfried Benn's Postmodernist Poetics from Susan Ray (Oxford; Brand new York: p Lang, 2003, ISBN 3-03910-006-8 & ISBN 0-8204-6275-6 (pbk.).
- Gottfried Benn's Static Poetry: Visual and additionally Intellectual-Historical Interpretations by Indicate Bill Roche (University involving North Carolina Hit, 1991, ISBN 0-8078-8112-0.
- Primal Vision: Decided on Beautifully constructed wording in addition to Prose with Gottfried Benn edited through Age.
See some sort of Problem?
Ashton (NY: Bodley Travel, 1961; Boyars, 1971; Marion Boyars, 1984, ISBN 0-7145-2500-6
- Twentieth-Century Culture: a Biographical Companion modified as a result of Mike Bullock in addition to r h Woodings (Harpercollins, 1984, ISBN 0-06-015248-6
- Gottfried Benn as well as your partner's Critics: Key Interpretations 1912–1992 as a result of Augustinus k Dierick.
[Columbia SC: Camden Family home Inc.], 1992.
- German Novels Under Country's Socialism from l
Michael. Ritchie (London: d Helm; Barnes & Commendable, 1983, ISBN 0-389-20418-8.
- The Charm involving Fascism: Some sort of Examine about Intellectuals plus Fascism, 1919–1945 by Alastair Hamilton, foreword through Stephen Spender (London: Blond, 1971, ISBN 0-218-51426-3.
- Biographical Thesaurus associated with that Extreme Suitable Ever since 1890 as a result of Philip Rees (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990, ISBN 0-13-089301-3).
- Reason together with Energy: Research projects around Chinese Literature by way of Eric Fast food sandwich (London: Routledge & Paul, 1957; Innovative York: Grove Press, 1957; London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1970, revised ed., ISBN 0-297-00267-8.
- Encyclopedia with this Finally Reich by way of Louis Leo Snyder (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976, ISBN 0-07-059525-9; London: Blandford, 1989, ISBN 0-7137-2167-7; New York: Paragon Family home, 1989, Main pbk.
ed., ISBN 1-55778-144-3; New York: Marlowe, 1998, ISBN 1-56924-917-2
- Snow by Destroyed Eyes: Cocaine within any Day-to-day lives and also Functions regarding Several Expressionist Poets, Rich Millington, (Peter Lang AG, 2012)
- ^"Nomination Macbeth composition Four hundred text with toefl.
Prose, Documents, Poems
www.nobelprize.org. Gathered 2017-04-19.
- ^cf Primal Vision: Preferred Beautifully constructed wording plus Prose regarding Gottfried Benn edited by simply Ourite. g Ashton (NY: Bodley Head, 1961; Boyars, 1971; Marion Boyars, 1984, s ix. ISBN 0-7145-2500-6
- ^cf k x.
- ^Gottfried Benn: Morgue und andere Gedichte. 21 years old.
Prose, essays, poems
Flugblatt des Verlages Your. r Meyer, Berlin 1912./ Gottfried Benn: Sämtliche Werke ('Stuttgarter Ausgabe'), impotence. through Gerhard Schuster as well as Holger Hof, 7 sizes through 8 segments, Stuttgart 2003 p 12.
- ^Translated along with recited by In german poet plus translator Natias Neutert.
Prose, Documents, Poems: Gottfried Benn
Cf. Foolnotes, Book, Brenard Gallery Effectiveness, Soho New You are able to 1980.
- ^Cf. Less than all the heading Latently pre-existing words inside your Frankfurter Rundschau, Anja Juhre-Wright reveals with Natias Neutert with regards to any hardships connected with converting Benn. View additional links
- ^Reinhard John Becker: Introduction. In: Volkmar Sander (Ed.): Gottfried Benn.
Publisher Sequence by just cover
Prose, Essays, Poems. (Foreword as a result of E.B. Ashton). a In german l Vol. 73, Continuum, Brand new You are able to, l XX*.
- ^Gottfried Benn: Söhne.
Neue Gedichte. Berlin (n.d. .
- ^Cf. Twentieth-Century Culture: The Biographical Fellow modified by Mike Bullock and also 3rd there’s r. d Woodings Harpercollins, 1984, p.61.
- ^cf E.B.
Prose Works Poems: Gottfried Benn
Ashton (Ed.): Gottfried Offshore financial commitment bond assignment Primal Vision. Brand new Instructions Posting Corp, Latest You are able to, delaware. xi–xii.
- ^ ab88 "writers", from Letters involving Heinrich not to mention Thomas Mann, 1900–1949, Volume 12 of Weimar and even Now: The german language Societal Criticism, School in Florida Touch 1998ISBN 0-520-07278-2, p. 367-8
Gottfried-Benn-Gesellschaft e.V. Freiburg internet marketing Breisgau, Germany: http://www.gottfriedbenn.de/lebenslauf.php
- ^Derived out of an individual's virtually all efficient not to mention nicely recognized succeed, by Gottfried Benn's Statische Gedichte. Arche Verlag, Zürich 1948/Limes Verlag Wiesbaden 1949 (with 3 far more poems).